Introduction to Spices

Definition from Wikipedia:

A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, or vegetative substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food. Sometimes a spice is used to hide other flavors.

Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are parts of leafy green plants also used for flavoring or as garnish.

Many spices have antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious disease, and why use of spices is especially prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling.

A spice may have other uses, including medicinal, religious ritual, cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable. For example, turmeric roots are consumed as a vegetable and garlic as an antibiotic.

Sl. No Standard English Indian English Hindi Medical Importance
1 Alkanet root Ratin jot रातीं जोट
2 Aniseed[1] Suwa or Shopa सुव्वा / शोप
3 Asafoetida Hing हींग
4 Black cardamom Kali Elaichi काली इलाइची
5 Black Cumin Shah Jeera शाही जीरा
6 Black pepper Kali Mirchi काली मिर्च
7 Black salt Kala Namak / Sanchal काला नमक / संचल
8 Brownmustard seed Rai राई
9 Capers Kachra कचरा, कब्र, करेर
10 Capsicum Shimla Mirch शिमला मिर्च
11 Carom/thymol seed Ajwain अज़वाइन
12 Celery /radhuni seed Ajmud अज्मुद,अज्मोदा
13 Charoli Chironji चिरोंजी
14 Cinnamon Dalchini दालचीनी
15 Cinnamonbuds Naaga Keshar नाग केशर
16 Citric acid Saji na phool
17 Cloves Laung लवंग / लौंग
18 Corianderpowder Dhania powder/ Pisa Dhania धनिया पाउडर/पिसा धनिया
19 Corianderseed Dhania/hara dhaniya धनिया
20 Cubeb Kebab Cheeni / Kabab Chini कबाब चीनी
21 Cumin seed Jeera ज़ीरा
22 Cumin seed grounded into balls Jeera Goli ज़ीरा गोली
23 Curry tree orsweet neemleaf Kadipatta (Currypatta) करीपत्ता / कढ़ीपत्ता
24 Dried ginger Sonth सोंठ
25 Fennel seed Saunf/Sanchal सौंफ / संचल
26 Fenugreekleaf Kasoori Methi Dried कसूरी मेथी
27 Fenugreekleaf Methi leaves मेथी पत्ता
28 Fenugreekseed Methi seeds मेथी दाना
29 Four seeds Char Magaj तरबूज खरबूज ककडी पैंठे के बीज
30 Fresh basil Tulsi तुलसी
31 Freshcoriander Hara dhaniya हरा धनिया
32 Garam masala Garam masala/Kadha Masala गरम मसाला
33 Garcinia gummi-gutta Kudampuli कोकम,
34 Garcinia indica Kokum लहसुन
35 Garlic Lahsun अदरक
36 Ginger Adrak छोटी इलाइची
37 Green cardamom Chhoti Elaichi हरी मिर्च
38 Green chili pepper Hari Mirch कटीरा गोंद
39 Gumtragacanth Katira Goond तुलसी
40 Holy basil Tulsi
41 Indian bay leaf, bay leaf Tej Patta तेज पत्ता
42 Indian Bedellium Tree Gugul, Guggul गुगल, गु्ग्गल
43 Indian gooseberry Amla आँवला
44 InknutTerminalia chebula Harad / Harr /Haritaki हरद
45 Kalpasi Pathar Ka Phool पत्थर के फूल
46 Licoricepowder Jethimadh जेठीमध
47 Long pepper Pippali पिप्पलि
48 Mace Javitri जावित्री
49 Mangoextract Camiki कामिकी
50 Mint Pudina पुदीना
51 Mustard seed Sarson सरसों,
52 Nigella seed Kalonji कलोंजी
53 Nutmeg Jaiphal जैफल/जायफल
54 Panch Phoron Panch Phoron पञ्च फोरन
55 Peppercorns Kali Mirch काली मिर्च
56 Pomegranateseed Anardana अनारदाना
57 Poppy seed Khus Khus खस-खस
58 Red chili pepper Lal Mirchi लाल मिर्च
59 Red pepper Laal Shimla Mirch लाल शिमला मिर्च
60 Saffron Kesar, mayur केसर, जाफरान
61 Saffron pulp Kesar mari mari केसर मिरी मिरी,
62 Salt Namak नमक
63 Sesame seed Til तिल
64 Sour driedmangopowder Aamchur/Amchoor powder आमचूर / अमचुर
65 Star anise Chakra Phool चक्र फूल, बदल फुल
66 Tamarind Imli इमली
67 Turmeric Haldi हल्दी
68 White pepper Safed Mirchi सफ़ेद मिर्च
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